Kidney is one of the most important organ of the body because it has many functions without which person cannot survive therefore for a medical student a complete anatomy i e structure of kidney and physiology ie functions of kidney are very important to learn. The successful utilization of this technology is still several years in the future but imagine a time when you can print a replacement organ or tissue on demand external anatomy the left kidney is located at about the t12 to l3 vertebrae whereas the right is lower due to slight displacement by the liver. Advertisements after reading this article you will learn about the structure of the kidney this will also help you to draw the structure and diagram of kidney the kidneys are two in number which are situated one on each side of the verteral column and in front of the last ribs they lie on the posterior . Urinary system physiology maintenance of homeostasis the kidneys maintain the homeostasis of several important internal conditions by controlling the excretion of substances out of the body ions the kidney can control the excretion of potassium sodium calcium magnesium phosphate and chloride ions into urine. Kidney structure anatomy and function gross structure kidneys are bean shaped organs about 11 cm long 6 cm wide 3 cm thick and weigh 150 g they are embedded in and held in position by a mass of adipose tissue
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